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How India runs its Nuclear and Missile proliferation rackets!
By Makhdoom Babar

The selected short memory of bigwigs at Capitol Hill and White House is amazing when it comes to proliferation activities of India while The Daily Mail’s inquiries have revealed that not long ago Indian nuclear and missile proliferation racketeers smuggled numerous banned nuclear and missile materials, parts and equipment in violation of US Department of Commerce’s Entity List. According to The Daily Mail’s investigations, the banned items were imported to South Africa through an Israeli intermediary Asher Karni by an Indian, identified as Rago Rao, acting on behalf Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC), in Thiruvananthampuram, India.
Comprehensive investigations, carried out by The Daily Mail reveal that Rago Rao, asked his Israeli “business” associate, Karni to quote a price on a “12-inch ANSI 300 Mode180 flexflo Regulator, FIN: 11351 NKA-120,” made by Grove Regulators of Elk Grove, IL. VSSC is on the Department of Commerce’s Entity List, a list of entities of proliferation concern. The Daily Mail’s research reveals that Rao told Karni in an email, “Owing to the fact that VSSC are still in the US embargo list, they believe they may not be able to procure it directly (from) the supplier, hence have sent the enquiry to us to see if we can quote to them and supply from some other source.” In quoting Rao, Karni said, “be aware that the end user VSSC has been in direct touch with GROVE and have received already quotes from them, but they have quoted me too, and I will be able to execute the order.” After receiving a quote from Karni, Rao replied, “VSSC needs the item definitely, so if GROVE is willing to supply through you, they will not mind paying the extra price. That is why the end-user contacted us in the first place when he knew he could use our services through South Africa. So, if GROVE do not mind supplying the item to you, knowing that it is meant for VSSC, let us go ahead.”
The Daily Mail’s findings reveal that shortly after purchase of Grove Regulators item through transshipment and misrepresenting the end user, Rao asked Karni to quote a price for “Absolute Capacitance Manometers,” model 720, made by Setra Systems Inc. of Boxborough, Massachusetts. The customer was again VSSC. Rao said, “For reasons mentioned earlier regarding the export sanctions, Setra must not come to know that the ultimate consignee is VSSC, Thiruvananthapuram.” Karni responded, “I did not tell them [Setra] of course hwre [sic] it si [sic] going to, so please give me some description of the application so that I can feed it back to them and will see if they will ask for IVL to this country.” IVL refers to an individually validated license, an export license from the Department of Commerce that would allow a one-time sale of a controlled item for a specifically defined end user and use. As VSSC is on the Department of Commerce’s Entity List of entities of proliferation concern, it is highly unlikely an IVL would be granted.
The Daily Mail’s investigations indicate that the Rao – Karni Nuclear Missile Trafficking Nexus (RKNMTN) did not stop here but in fact, soon entered in the deal for transshipment of accelerometer made by Columbia Research Laboratories or Crossbow. In his email to Karni, Rao reminded him of an order he had placed for two accelerometers from Columbia Research Laboratories (Woodlyn, Pennsylvania), model SA-122 SE. The customer was Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre of India, also on the Department of Commerce’s Entity List. Rao reminded Karni, “At the last moment, the supplier was refused an export license by US Government hence you could not supply the item and the order was cancelled.” Rao then asked Karni to quote “Model CXL 01LF1Z High Stability LF series Accelerometer,” made by Crossbow of San Jose, California. Karni replied that he would quote the item, though it might not meet the specifications of the previous item. He said, “I can also approach Columbia [sic] for a quote and see they may not want an export license this time.” Rao replied, “Be careful to avoid any reference to the customer name Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, because any supply to their organization requires an export license at the moment, and it may be denied.” He said, “There is a danger that Columbia may be denied the export license once again, since this model of accelerometer falls in the commodity list (because of its very high sensitivity and threshold value, and inherent possibility of being used in guidance systems for missiles.) That requires an export clearance from the US authorities for any country, leave alone India. I leave it to you to judge the best way out.” Again the accelerometers were exported from US to South Africa and transshipped to India for use in India’s WMD program.
It is pertinent to mention here that these illicit Indian procurement tactics in violation of US Export Licensing legislation make a mockery of the claims by the Indian Caucus Congressmen and Bush Administration’s claims that India is a responsible nuclear- missile possessor country, which could be trusted.
The game does not end here. The Daily Mail’s further investigations into the matter, make some more shocking revelations. These investigations unearth that India imported beryllium, used for constructing nuclear bombs from Germany not long ago. The Hanau-based Degussa company is suspected of having exported 95 kg to India. The US, which now wants the Nuclear Suppliers Group to approve its nuclear deal with India, had strongly protested to the Germans over this deal.
The delivery, according to German nuclear researcher Gerhard Locke, is `most suspicious’ and delivered to the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Trombay, north of Bombay after series of transshipments and change of end users.
According to The Daily Mail’s research, International safeguard controls have no access to information regarding the amount of plutonium—the stuff of which the bomb is made of—the nuclear reactors in Trombay do breed. What is certain is that the material for India’s first nuclear explosion in 1974 was provided by Trombay. 
However, the U.S. experts estimate its present plutonium production at some 40 kg per year.
The Daily Mail’s research indicates that the US Administration had stopped all U.S. deliveries of this kind to India; at that time secret intelligence services noticed intensive efforts by India to start a second nuclear test, possibly with a hydrogen bomb.
Similar reports were also spread by the German Federal Intelligence Service (BND) almost 2 years later. The `BARC Nuclear Research Center in Trombay,’ the BND warned in a classified report, had been ordered by the Indian Defense Ministry to `expedite work on developing a nuclear fusion weapon (hydrogen bomb).’
The Daily Mail’s investigations reveal further that in its application for exports, Degussa put under the heading `use’ `research and development work’ in smelting, compressing, and casting of beryllium, which is often used for alloys. Material of `high purity’—at least 98 percent—had been ordered.
According to experts, the amount of beryllium, ordered at that time makes sense: 95 kg—this is `a manageable amount for about 20 bombs,’ says arms researcher Locke.
In building a hydrogen bomb, the metal can be put around the radioactive core as a sheath. The desired effect: According to Locke, the neutron-multiplying properties of the relatively cheap beryllium reduce the demand for valuable plutonium `by a factor of about two.’
The Daily Mail’s findings further reveal that the German experts expressly warned against the fact that the metal can `be used as a neutron reflector for the construction of nuclear weapons,’ when they had to deal with an application for the export of 60 kg of beryllium nitrate to India. The BAW calculated—`at the most 2.637kg’ of pure beryllium can be produced from the nitrate was the permit issued at that time.
The Research Ministry experts noted that for the building of bombs India needs `amounts ranging in kilograms’. These were delivered 4 years later—almost 100kg.

The Daily Mail’s investigations in this direction are still on and soon more disclosures would be revealed in this account.

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