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Why Bush Administration withheld Indian proliferation information from Congress?
US pouring Nuclear fuel on Indian proliferation fire - The myth of separation of civilian and military program not valid for India - India made nukes with civilian reactors CIRUS and CANDU provided by US, Canada - Delhi leaked Uranium Gas Centrifuge Enrichment technology through open tendering - India amongst the top countries of proliferation concern - India code named its Gas Centrifuge program as Rare Materials Program (RMP) - Indian Rare Earths Ltd founded as the second front company for RMP - India used German company Rohstoff Einfuhr to smuggle 15.18 tons of Heavy Water from Norway through NRI Dipak Sharma Schneider - Enormous amounts of nuclear weapons materials stolen from Russia
By Makhdoom Babar
Editor-in-Chief
(Additional reporting by Sandra Johnson Sara Anderson, Christina Palmer and Zahid Dehlavi)

The US’ imposition of sanctions on two Indian firms for missile-related transfers to Iran merely some hours after the U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly passed the Bill authorizing US to sell sensitive nuclear technology to India betrayed the moral inconsistency of Bush Administration. The information was withheld from the House until after the vote on the nuclear deal, so it may not affect the results, reveal the comprehensive investigation, carried out by The Daily Mail in this direction.
Nonetheless, it seems that US decision makers both Administration and Congress are too obsessed with self-serving India appeasement that it’s a moot point whether any difference would have been made should this be known to the House earlier. Numerous earlier confirmed reports of WMD related proliferation activities of Indian government and private sector personnel and entities are on record.
The Daily Mail’s investigations indicate that Democratic Representative Edward Markley, head of bipartisan non-proliferation task force rightly lambasted House majority for pouring nuclear fuel on Indian led proliferation fire.
The Nuclear Suppliers’ Group from which the US wants to get an exemption for its nuclear deal with India was itself founded at US initiation in 1975 out of the concerns about Indian proliferation activities following Indian nuclear explosion of 1974.
These investigations suggest that the so called myth of separation of civilian and military nuclear facilities has proven wrong in the Indian case in the past as India used purportedly peaceful civilian CIRUS reactor supplier by the US to India to produce plutonium for its nuclear weapons. Similarly India diverted plutonium from CANDU nuclear reactors for its 1974 and 1998 nuclear tests. Canadian government on concessional terms to produce electricity for civilian use provided the reactors. Incidentally while there are some proliferation related charges against Pakistan yet there has never been any charge against it for diverting materials from civilian nuclear facilities to military facilities.
The Daily Mail’s investigations reveal that the US State Department sanctioned two other Indian chemical companies, Sabero Organics Chemical and Sandhya Organics Chemical in December 2005 for providing missile fuel to Iran. According to The Daily Mail’s findings, the United States, over the last two years, has filed at least eight non-proliferation sanctions against at least seven Indian companies and persons. In the latest case the Administration so far remains tight lipped on the names of the companies and the nature of transfers, making one wonder why the cover up.
The Daily Mail’s research reveals that last October, David Albright, President, Institute for Science and International Studies (ISIS), in his testimony to the House elaborated deceitful practices of Indian government to circumvent export regulations and legal restriction in many countries to import banned technology, materials and equipment. Ironically it was ISIS report on Pakisstan’s Khusab Reactor Plant, released two days prior to the House vote that was used by pro-India nuclear lobby to tout the Indian case. This is another classical case of selective use of information in the upper echelons of D.C.
 

Indo-US N.deal rocks Indian parliament

From Our Correspondent

New Delhi—India’s opposition MPs, angry over being denied permission to raise the India-US civilian nuclear deal, stalled the Rajya Sabha’s proceedings Thursday.
Led by Yashwant Sinha and Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the opposition sought to raise the issue as soon as the house assembled. The web edition of India e-News said the opposition MPs were up on their legs as Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh left the house at the end of the question hour, demanding he be asked to return to the house. “The prime minister has disregarded the sentiments of the house. Call the prime minister (to answer our questions),” Sinha demanded.Swaraj then joined in the fray, the report added. As opposition MPs raised slogans like `Call the PM’ and the treasury benches tried to shout them down, the speaker adjourned the house temporarily, the report said. Pandemonium continued when the house reassembled, with Swaraj heard saying `there is disrespect of the house being committed’. Deputy Chairman K. Rahman Khan failed to pacify the opposition MPs, who continued with their `Call the PM’ slogans and advanced to the podium. With his pleas to restore order falling on deaf ears, the chair adjourned the
house once again, the report said.
In Indian Lok Sabha (lower house) there was an uproar after opposition’s attack on Speaker Somnath Chatterjee, forcing him to adjourn the house on several occasions.
India NDTV channel reported that the NDA’s accusations against Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee caused an uproar leading to multiple adjournments.
As soon as the house met, Left members were on their feet attacking the BJP and its allies for “casting aspersions” on the speaker, the report added.
They were objecting to NDA’s attack on the Speaker and a letter written by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to Chatterjee in which he had said that the speaker was unable to win confidence of the opposition.
The NDA members retaliated, triggering pandemonium in which nothing could be heard, the report said.
 

The Daily Mail’s research indicates that ISIS’ detailed report uncovered a well-developed active Indian secret nuclear proliferation network in this regard. When approached by French News Agency, AFP on the report, Albright challenged Bush Administration and Indian claim that India had an excellent record of protecting sensitive technology and materials and that it did not engage in illicit nuclear technology trade. According to Albright, India had been leaking uranium Gas Centrifuge Enrichment related technology through its open tendering. It is well known that Iran has been the most interested country in the recent past to acquire Gas Centrifuge technology.
Quoting European “Proliferation Early Warning Intelligence Assessment” Albright disclosed that India was amongst the top countries of proliferation concern according to the Intelligence Report. India has code named its Gas Centrifuge Project as Rare Materials Program (RMP) in order to hide the true nature of this secret facility in Mysore. Incidentally India has also kept this facility out of the scope of IAEA scrutiny in its agreement with the US.
Dr. Y.S.R. Prasad who later got notorious for his Prasad Chaudary Nuclear Proliferation Network (PCNPN), and sanctioned for his illegal activities by the US State Department under Iran Proliferation Act, founded the front organization of Indian Rare Earths (IRE) Ltd to further cover the tracks of RMP. The Indian Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) entrusted numerous sensitive technology and materials commerce related tasks to IRE, which, were successfully executed.
The Daily Mail’s findings reveal that IRE is a vital hub in the illicit Indian procurement as well as sale of rare metals, uranium, thorium, noble gases and MOX through a huge network spread across Europe, South Africa, Middle East and Russia. IRE hoodwinked the European export controls by misrepresenting the end use and many time using transshipment in contravention to suppliers’ restrictions. It also obtained modern laser technology from Western countries for laser ignited nuclear weapons program for India.
According to certain credible researchers, IRE Ltd. is only one of the many companies India has been using for illicit nuclear missile commerce. Many of the companies are still carrying out clandestine sensitive trade through a vast network of Non Resident Indians (NRIs) Diaspora. Indian Department of Atomic Energy used a German Company Rohstoff Einfuhr through NRI mediator Dipak Sharma Schneider for transshipment of 15.18 tons of heavy water from Norway. The consignment was flown to Basel in Switzerland by West African airlines. Then, with the addition of six tons of Soviet heavy water, it was flown to Dubai and than to Mumbai India. The Chief Public Prosecutor for Oslo, Anstein Gjengedal, registered a case against the DAE.
Proliferation activities of PCNPN have been unearthed numerous times in past. The Indian Rare Earths (IRE) Ltd is only a point in case. Dr Y.S.R. Prasad who worked a lifelong with the Indian nuclear establishment has had quite a history of questionable practices. During his frequent visits to the former Soviet Union in connection with nuclear collaboration programme between India and USSR subsequently Russia, Prasad developed an extensive network with the lowly paid Russian nuclear scientists. Many of these scientists were either laid off or were further meagerly paid after Soviet breakup. Prasad soon developed a
 network of nuclear underworld with the help off these Russian scientists who were willing to offer everything from the poorly audited nuclear inventories of Russia and other breakaway Republics. At many of these facilities guards and even scientist remained without salaries for months. CIA Director Porter Goss while speaking to the US Senate Select Committee on 16 February 2005 reported enormous amount of missing or unaccounted nuclear weapons material that could be used to make nuclear bombs.
In words of NM Sampath Kumar former DAE scientist now a US citizen, Prasad was the linchpin of an unholy nexus between unscrupulous business establishments, corrupt officials of Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and the ‘sacred cow’ DAE, India. NPCIL, which Prasad headed, had become a breading ground for nepotism and sycophancy degenerating to a dangerous cover-up culture. Serious irregularities were discovered by audit in the procurement by NPCIL for Kakrapara Atomic Power Station. Fraudulent practices were also reported in procurement for Kaiga  I and II power stations in Karnatka and RAPP III and IV Power Stations at Rawatbhata near Kota, Rajasthan.
The Daily Mail’s research further indicates that Prasad managed to get an extension in his job through his networking within the Indian nuclear establishment particularly with the blessings of Chairman AEC and Secretary DAE Dr. Chidambaram, despite having reached the age of superannuating in 1998. Nonetheless, Prasad realized that it would be difficult for him to clinch to the Indian nuclear network for long and started looking for other venues. His contacts with Iran in connection with clandestine nuclear cooperation with India proved handy and landed him a job in the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI). Prasad left NPCIL on 30 April 2000 but before he managed to manipulate putting his close confidant Chaudary Surendar in his shoes even though Chaudary was also on a two years extension due to expire in August 2000.
The Daily Mail’s investigations reveal that Iran’s nuclear programme received a major boost with joining of Prasad. Owing to his resourceful network within the Indian and Russian nuclear circles pieces of nuclear puzzle started to fall in place at an amazing pace. Prasad’s mastery at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment and reprocessing techniques proved handy. Alarm bells were raised and US put pressure on IAEA to verify certain violations of safeguards obligations by Iran. Thus Prasad unwittingly proved to be a precipitating factor in the disclosure of Iran’s secret nuclear programme.
The US State Departmnet on 29 September 2004 imposed sanctions on Prasad and his successor in the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited, Dr Surendar Chaudary under Iran Proferation Act 2000 for assisting Iran in enrichment and reprocessing technologies.
The obsession of US decision makers with the self serving eulogy of Indian export controls and responsible behavior only fall flat in the face of these undeniable facts, that speak for themselves.

 

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