Administration withheld Indian proliferation information from Congress?
US pouring Nuclear
fuel on Indian proliferation fire - The myth of separation of civilian
and military program not valid for India - India made nukes with
civilian reactors CIRUS and CANDU provided by US, Canada - Delhi leaked
Uranium Gas Centrifuge Enrichment technology through open tendering -
India amongst the top countries of proliferation concern - India code
named its Gas Centrifuge program as Rare Materials Program (RMP) -
Indian Rare Earths Ltd founded as the second front company for RMP -
India used German company Rohstoff Einfuhr to smuggle 15.18 tons of
Heavy Water from Norway through NRI Dipak Sharma Schneider - Enormous
amounts of nuclear weapons materials stolen from Russia
By Makhdoom Babar
(Additional reporting by Sandra Johnson Sara Anderson, Christina
Palmer and Zahid Dehlavi)
US’ imposition of sanctions on two Indian firms for missile-related
transfers to Iran merely some hours after the U.S. House of
Representatives overwhelmingly passed the Bill authorizing US to sell
sensitive nuclear technology to India betrayed the moral inconsistency
of Bush Administration. The information was withheld from the House
until after the vote on the nuclear deal, so it may not affect the
results, reveal the comprehensive investigation, carried out by The
Daily Mail in this direction.
Nonetheless, it seems that US decision makers both Administration and
Congress are too obsessed with self-serving India appeasement that it’s
a moot point whether any difference would have been made should this be
known to the House earlier. Numerous earlier confirmed reports of WMD
related proliferation activities of Indian government and private sector
personnel and entities are on record.
The Daily Mail’s investigations indicate that Democratic Representative
Edward Markley, head of bipartisan non-proliferation task force rightly
lambasted House majority for pouring nuclear fuel on Indian led
The Nuclear Suppliers’ Group from which the US wants to get an exemption
for its nuclear deal with India was itself founded at US initiation in
1975 out of the concerns about Indian proliferation activities following
Indian nuclear explosion of 1974.
These investigations suggest that the so called myth of separation of
civilian and military nuclear facilities has proven wrong in the Indian
case in the past as India used purportedly peaceful civilian CIRUS
reactor supplier by the US to India to produce plutonium for its nuclear
weapons. Similarly India diverted plutonium from CANDU nuclear reactors
for its 1974 and 1998 nuclear tests. Canadian government on concessional
terms to produce electricity for civilian use provided the reactors.
Incidentally while there are some proliferation related charges against
Pakistan yet there has never been any charge against it for diverting
materials from civilian nuclear facilities to military facilities.
The Daily Mail’s investigations reveal that the US State Department
sanctioned two other Indian chemical companies, Sabero Organics Chemical
and Sandhya Organics Chemical in December 2005 for providing missile
fuel to Iran. According to The Daily Mail’s findings, the United States,
over the last two years, has filed at least eight non-proliferation
sanctions against at least seven Indian companies and persons. In the
latest case the Administration so far remains tight lipped on the names
of the companies and the nature of transfers, making one wonder why the
The Daily Mail’s research reveals that last October, David Albright,
President, Institute for Science and International Studies (ISIS), in
his testimony to the House elaborated deceitful practices of Indian
government to circumvent export regulations and legal restriction in
many countries to import banned technology, materials and equipment.
Ironically it was ISIS report on Pakisstan’s Khusab Reactor Plant,
released two days prior to the House vote that was used by pro-India
nuclear lobby to tout the Indian case. This is another classical case of
selective use of information in the upper echelons of D.C.
Indo-US N.deal rocks Indian parliament
From Our Correspondent
New Delhi—India’s opposition MPs, angry over being denied permission
to raise the India-US civilian nuclear deal, stalled the Rajya
Sabha’s proceedings Thursday.
Led by Yashwant Sinha and Sushma Swaraj of the Bharatiya Janata
Party (BJP), the opposition sought to raise the issue as soon as the
house assembled. The web edition of India e-News said the opposition
MPs were up on their legs as Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
left the house at the end of the question hour, demanding he be
asked to return to the house. “The prime minister has disregarded
the sentiments of the house. Call the prime minister (to answer our
questions),” Sinha demanded.Swaraj then joined in the fray, the
report added. As opposition MPs raised slogans like `Call the PM’
and the treasury benches tried to shout them down, the speaker
adjourned the house temporarily, the report said. Pandemonium
continued when the house reassembled, with Swaraj heard saying
`there is disrespect of the house being committed’. Deputy Chairman
K. Rahman Khan failed to pacify the opposition MPs, who continued
with their `Call the PM’ slogans and advanced to the podium. With
his pleas to restore order falling on deaf ears, the chair adjourned
house once again, the report said.
In Indian Lok Sabha (lower house) there was an uproar after
opposition’s attack on Speaker Somnath Chatterjee, forcing him to
adjourn the house on several occasions.
India NDTV channel reported that the NDA’s accusations against Lok
Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee caused an uproar leading to
As soon as the house met, Left members were on their feet attacking
the BJP and its allies for “casting aspersions” on the speaker, the
They were objecting to NDA’s attack on the Speaker and a letter
written by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to Chatterjee
in which he had said that the speaker was unable to win confidence
of the opposition.
The NDA members retaliated, triggering pandemonium in which nothing
could be heard, the report said.
The Daily Mail’s research indicates that ISIS’ detailed report uncovered
a well-developed active Indian secret nuclear proliferation network in
this regard. When approached by French News Agency, AFP on the report,
Albright challenged Bush Administration and Indian claim that India had
an excellent record of protecting sensitive technology and materials and
that it did not engage in illicit nuclear technology trade. According to
Albright, India had been leaking uranium Gas Centrifuge Enrichment
related technology through its open tendering. It is well known that
Iran has been the most interested country in the recent past to acquire
Gas Centrifuge technology.
Quoting European “Proliferation Early Warning Intelligence Assessment”
Albright disclosed that India was amongst the top countries of
proliferation concern according to the Intelligence Report. India has
code named its Gas Centrifuge Project as Rare Materials Program (RMP) in
order to hide the true nature of this secret facility in Mysore.
Incidentally India has also kept this facility out of the scope of IAEA
scrutiny in its agreement with the US.
Dr. Y.S.R. Prasad who later got notorious for his Prasad Chaudary
Nuclear Proliferation Network (PCNPN), and sanctioned for his illegal
activities by the US State Department under Iran Proliferation Act,
founded the front organization of Indian Rare Earths (IRE) Ltd to
further cover the tracks of RMP. The Indian Department of Atomic Energy
(DAE) entrusted numerous sensitive technology and materials commerce
related tasks to IRE, which, were successfully executed.
The Daily Mail’s findings reveal that IRE is a vital hub in the illicit
Indian procurement as well as sale of rare metals, uranium, thorium,
noble gases and MOX through a huge network spread across Europe, South
Africa, Middle East and Russia. IRE hoodwinked the European export
controls by misrepresenting the end use and many time using
transshipment in contravention to suppliers’ restrictions. It also
obtained modern laser technology from Western countries for laser
ignited nuclear weapons program for India.
According to certain credible researchers, IRE Ltd. is only one of the
many companies India has been using for illicit nuclear missile
commerce. Many of the companies are still carrying out clandestine
sensitive trade through a vast network of Non Resident Indians (NRIs)
Diaspora. Indian Department of Atomic Energy used a German Company
Rohstoff Einfuhr through NRI mediator Dipak Sharma Schneider for
transshipment of 15.18 tons of heavy water from Norway. The consignment
was flown to Basel in Switzerland by West African airlines. Then, with
the addition of six tons of Soviet heavy water, it was flown to Dubai
and than to Mumbai India. The Chief Public Prosecutor for Oslo, Anstein
Gjengedal, registered a case against the DAE.
Proliferation activities of PCNPN have been unearthed numerous times in
past. The Indian Rare Earths (IRE) Ltd is only a point in case. Dr Y.S.R.
Prasad who worked a lifelong with the Indian nuclear establishment has
had quite a history of questionable practices. During his frequent
visits to the former Soviet Union in connection with nuclear
collaboration programme between India and USSR subsequently Russia,
Prasad developed an extensive network with the lowly paid Russian
nuclear scientists. Many of these scientists were either laid off or
were further meagerly paid after Soviet breakup. Prasad soon developed a
network of nuclear underworld with the help off these Russian
scientists who were willing to offer everything from the poorly audited
nuclear inventories of Russia and other breakaway Republics. At many of
these facilities guards and even scientist remained without salaries for
months. CIA Director Porter Goss while speaking to the US Senate Select
Committee on 16 February 2005 reported enormous amount of missing or
unaccounted nuclear weapons material that could be used to make nuclear
In words of NM Sampath Kumar former DAE scientist now a US citizen,
Prasad was the linchpin of an unholy nexus between unscrupulous business
establishments, corrupt officials of Nuclear Power Corporation of India
Limited (NPCIL) and the ‘sacred cow’ DAE, India. NPCIL, which Prasad
headed, had become a breading ground for nepotism and sycophancy
degenerating to a dangerous cover-up culture. Serious irregularities
were discovered by audit in the procurement by NPCIL for Kakrapara
Atomic Power Station. Fraudulent practices were also reported in
procurement for Kaiga I and II power stations in Karnatka and RAPP
III and IV Power Stations at Rawatbhata near Kota, Rajasthan.
The Daily Mail’s research further indicates that Prasad managed to get
an extension in his job through his networking within the Indian nuclear
establishment particularly with the blessings of Chairman AEC and
Secretary DAE Dr. Chidambaram, despite having reached the age of
superannuating in 1998. Nonetheless, Prasad realized that it would be
difficult for him to clinch to the Indian nuclear network for long and
started looking for other venues. His contacts with Iran in connection
with clandestine nuclear cooperation with India proved handy and landed
him a job in the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI). Prasad left
NPCIL on 30 April 2000 but before he managed to manipulate putting his
close confidant Chaudary Surendar in his shoes even though Chaudary was
also on a two years extension due to expire in August 2000.
The Daily Mail’s investigations reveal that Iran’s nuclear programme
received a major boost with joining of Prasad. Owing to his resourceful
network within the Indian and Russian nuclear circles pieces of nuclear
puzzle started to fall in place at an amazing pace. Prasad’s mastery at
Gas Centrifuge Enrichment and reprocessing techniques proved handy.
Alarm bells were raised and US put pressure on IAEA to verify certain
violations of safeguards obligations by Iran. Thus Prasad unwittingly
proved to be a precipitating factor in the disclosure of Iran’s secret
The US State Departmnet on 29 September 2004 imposed sanctions on Prasad
and his successor in the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited, Dr
Surendar Chaudary under Iran Proferation Act 2000 for assisting Iran in
enrichment and reprocessing technologies.
The obsession of US decision makers with the self serving eulogy of
Indian export controls and responsible behavior only fall flat in the
face of these undeniable facts, that speak for themselves.