Since the achievement of independence by Uzbekistan, the structural transformations aimed at further deepening economic reforms in the sphere of sericulture, creating favorable conditions for attraction of foreign investments into silk branch of the republic for modernization and creation of new production capacities, increase in volume and expansion of the range of finished goods competitive in the world market are carried out in silk branch of the country. Favorable climatic conditions for the republic promote continuation of rich cultural and historical heritage of silk production and further development of sericulture branch in regions. More than 80 million units of linear plantings and 51 thousand hectares of mulberry plantations existing today provide rearing silkworm larvae in volume of 450 thousand boxes and production about 26 thousand tons of a silkworm cocoons.
Along with this the accelerated development of chemical branch, growth of volumes of artificial and synthetic fibers have led to decrease in demand for silkworm breeding production in the world market.
Manufacturers of silk production are interested in further decrease in production cost, expansion of the range and improvement of quality of silk production.
As the analysis shows, the weakest link in silkworm breeding is production of silkworm eggs. Use of morally and materially outdated equipment doesn’t satisfy needs of for silkworm larvae cultivation farms of the republic.
To cover the arisen deficiency of a silkworm eggs, 230-250 thousand boxes of silkworm eggs are imported annually that makes up to 50% of the needs of the industry. The existing mulberry plantations are used insufficiently effectively, and in the winter the yield of mulberry significantly reduced.
Besides, rearing silkworm is still done in a residential area. Insufficient material stimulation of cocoon manufacturers, absence of relevant conditions for rearing silkworm in premises doesn’t allow to achieve high productivity and quality of cocoons.
Acceptance and primary processing of cocoons is performed in regional and inter-enterprise “Pilla” equipped with morally obsolete and costly equipment, and due to the absence of sufficient number of the attached farms the silkworm eggs enterprises aren’t provided with breeding cocoons in full. Because of insufficient production of cocoon raw materials, silk-reeling facilities and silk-weaving enterprises are not capable of working at full capacity.
Lack of a single organizational and technological chain of silk production, coordination and system approach at production of branch hinders further development of silkworm breeding, influencing quality of the manufactured cocoons, financial and economic condition of the enterprises, providing the silk-reeling enterprises with cocoon raw materials and the silk-weaving enterprises with raw silk.
To enhance prestige of branch its further reforming aimed at the complex development of silk branch on the basis of creation of the uniform full-fledged organizational and technological chain providing intensive development of a food supply, constant improvement of processes of rearing and harvesting silkworm cocoons, a widespread introduction of effective methods of production and deep processing of silkworm cocoons, raw silk, silk yarn, establishing manufacture of finished silk products, increase in the export potential of branch are required. To solve the existing problems in branch the resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “About measures for the organization of activity of Uzbekipaksanoat Association” is accepted.
According to the resolution, the “Uzbekipaksanoat” Association will be created and include five regional societies, established with the participation of commercial banks, with the consolidation of economic activity zones behind them, and ensuring the coordination of the work of the territorial enterprises of the silk industry. It also provides for the creation of territorial and district “Agropilla” enterprises, whose tasks are to ensure the incubation of quality silkworm eggs and its distribution to homemakers and organizations engaged in silkworm breeding, provision of land for feed, technical and technological equipment, advisory services for cocooning and harvesting silkworm, monitoring of the cultivation, harvesting and harvesting of silkworm cocoons.
The main tasks and directions of activity of the “Uzbekipaksanoat” Association are to improve the forage base of silkworm breeding on the basis of effective interaction with the relevant state authorities and local executive authorities to provide irrigated land for strengthening the feed base of the industry, to expand the linear plantations and plantations of mulberry and conduct secondary activities on agricultural lands and plantation parts during periods not used for silkworm feeding. These lands are planned to be used for vegetable growing, animal husbandry, poultry farming and other types of agricultural activities, with the subsequent sale of products in the domestic and foreign markets.
Particular attention in the Resolution is paid to the production of silkworm eggs and cocoons, harvesting and their primary processing by introducing highly productive breeds and silkworm hybrids, modernization of existing and creating new capacities for the production of raw silk, as well as organization of deep processing of silkworm cocoons, realization of program measures for development of silk industry consecutive carrying out single scientific and technical, technological, investment and export policy, rendering full support and improvement of standard and legal base.
In order to develop and implement the program measures for further complex development of silk industry for 2017-2021 the resolution has established the Working group for preparation of suggestions for improvement of system of a silkworm cocoons preprocessing, widespread introduction of modern methods of quality management, demand of the range and design of finished product, its certification and standardization according to the international requirements, as well as for training personnel for silk industry in the high-educational institutions.
The international experience shows that cultivation of cocoons is specific activity in which success depends on experience of the employee of industry and his material interest. To ensure financial support of the enterprises of silk industry and carry out their modernization, expansion and strengthening of a forage base, increase in the production of silkworm cocoons, the Regulation provides granting privileges on payment of unified tax payment, unified social payment to the organizations producing silkworm cocoons and customs privileges for the imported material resources till January 1, 2023.
With the aim of cardinal increasing interest and broad involvement of rural population in cultivation of a silkworm cocoons, the industry is exempted from payment of an income tax of natural persons – the home-workers engaged in cultivation of live silkworm cocoons.
The document also defines effective measures on social stimulation of workers of silkworm breeding and the home-workers engaged in cultivation of live cocoons, the resolution provides inclusion of the period of the seasonal works counted for a year of work for award of pension in their seniority. These privileges and preferences will increase material interest of the population engaged in cultivation of silkworm cocoons, will open ample opportunities not only to the home-workers engaged in cultivation of live silkworm cocoons and the organizations producing silkworm cocoons but also to the enterprises of silk industry which are engaged in processing of raw silk and manufacturing finished goods.
Implementation of the measures provided by the resolution will allows creating the complete control system of silk industry covering all its aspects and providing its dynamic development.
Strengthening and expansion of forage base, the establishment of systems for the cultivation of cocoons in the vicinity of mulberry plantations, imports of high-yielding (cold-tolerant) mulberry saplings, producing twice as much crop will increase the volume of cocoons harvesting by 35 thousand tns. (135%), and provide output including silk yarn and finished products with high added value.
Implementation of above measures will lead by 2021 to increase of the total share of volumes of silkworm cocoons processing to 50%, with the creation of new jobs and increase foreign exchange inflows due to exports.
The 2018 Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) annual conference is scheduled for April 8 to 11 in Boao, Hainan Province. The forum will be themed "An Open and Innovative Asia for a World of Greater Prosperity."
— The Daily Mail - People's Daily