Letter to Editor:
The world is rapidly converting into urbanized societies. These societies increase the environmental deficit by focusing on short-term benefits and ignoring the long-term consequence brought on by their way of life. Since, the Industrial Revolution technology has improved our lives and new discoveries will continue to do so in the future. But rapid urbanization and urban development have affected natural resources. Humans ability to control the natural environment increased dramatically with the Industrial Revolution. Muscle power gave way to engines that burn fossil fuels: coal at first and then oil. Such machinery affects the environment in two ways: we consume more natural resources, and we release more pollutants into the atmosphere. There are two broader type of pollution (water & Air) which is harmful for environment. Both are continuously increasing due to the process of urbanization. Most of the ambient air-pollution in urban areas comes from the fossil fuels industry, motor vehicles, heating and electricity generation. Industrialized countries, with higher standards of living and greater numbers of cars, produce far more air pollution and greenhouse gases than developing countries. Developing countries do not have this technology or capacity to do so. Similarly, water pollution is also a harmful factor for environment. The lack of sanitation and sewage treatment is the biggest factor regarding water pollution. Local water bodies are used as a dumping ground for untreated water from urban areas or industries. Sanitation and water supply have a strong effect on living conditions. The WHO estimated that even 70 to 80 percent of the developing countries hospital beds are occupied by patients with waterborne diseases. Normally efficient water supply is positively linked with higher per capita income and therefore to urban areas.
According to the World Bank: The speed of urbanization and the enormous numbers involved make it one of the major development challenges of the 21st century I agree that urbanization and technological power to make our lives better but also put the lives of future generation at risk.
Syed Zaigham Hassan
M.S.C (Development Studies)
Jan 17, 2017 0
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