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ÿþPakistan in the throes of conspiracies

Brig (R) Asif Haroon Raja


AS a consequence of Pakistan movement waged by the All India Muslim Leaguers under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah getting abundantly ripened and the Muslims of India fully determined to create an independent homeland for themselves, the Congress leaders in collusion with British Viceroy Lord Mountbatten were equally determined to shatter their dreams. Notwithstanding their conspiracies and unending obstacles together with inducements to prevent vivisection of India, Pakistan came into being on 14 August 1947. Although partition plan worked out by the British was prepared in consultation with both sides and their agreement was obtained before announcing it on 3 June 1947, Congress leaders never reconciled with the plan of vivisecting India. Instead of helping Pakistan to stand on its own feet since it had to build up the nation from the scratch, Indian leaders kept scheming to garrotte Pakistan to death in its infancy.


India’s wiliest act was usurpation of princely state of Kashmir, which being heavily Muslim populated and contagious to Pakistan should automatically have become part of Pakistan. It forcibly usurped it in October 1947 and imposed a war on Pakistan which was deeply enmeshed in its settling down process. Considering the evil and hostile designs of India-British combine, not only creation of Pakistan was a 20th century miracle, its survival was also a miracle. When all its schemes failed to force Pakistan to get reabsorbed into Indian Union, Indian agencies were tasked to keep Pakistan in perpetually destabilized state so that its growth and integration process could be impeded. To this end, East Pakistan was selected as the first target for subversion and eventual amalgamation so as to defeat Two-Nation Theory and undo Pakistan. The reason for selecting the eastern province was that it was placed 1000 miles away from the western wing with hostile Indian Territory in between and no land corridor to link the two provinces. East Pakistan was surrounded by India from three sides and the sea from fourth side, which was dominated by Indian Navy. Culturally, it was more affiliated with Hindu dominated West Bengal than with West Pakistan. Eating habits, dress, language, customs and culture of Bengalis were different from the people of Punjab, NWFP, Balochistan, Sindh and other regions of West Pakistan.


At the time of partition, East Bengal was among the poorest provinces of united India since it had been thoroughly plundered by the British and Hindus since 1757. The duo claiming to be natural allies had reduced the Muslim landed gentry and the nobles of Bengal to serfs. It was because of their inhuman treatment that the Muslim Bengalis were in the forefront in Pakistan movement. Division of Bengal and detachment of Calcutta further depleted East Bengal’s economic strength. Its extreme poverty and slow rate of development was exploited by Indian psychological operators and influential Hindus residing in East Pakistan who controlled 80% national wealth of East Bengal.


The blame was put on West Pakistan political leaders and officials. Since 90% of teachers and professors in schools, colleges and universities were Hindus, and textbooks were printed in Bengali language in Calcutta by Hindu academicians, it became that much easier to brainwash the Bengali youth and poison their minds that West Pakistanis were solely responsible for their miseries. It was drilled into their impressionable minds that West Pakistan despite being less populated than East Pakistan was ruling and prospering at its cost.


They were kept in the dark about the inglorious role of the Hindus and the British during the British rule, or that between 1947-1958, Khwaja Nazimuddin, Muhammad Ali Bogra, HS Suhrawardy were Bengali PMs, President Iskandar Mirza was from Bengal and all the chief ministers and governors of East Bengal (except Lt Gen Azam Khan who was very popular among Bengalis) were Bengalis. They did very little for the development of East Pakistan. Field Marshal Ayub Khan was the only leader in united Pakistan who went out of the way to address the east-west inequities by allocating huge budgets for development works. But for the 1965 Indo-Pak war and curtailment of the US economic aid which seriously impaired the third five-year development program (1965-70), he could have corrected the imbalance.


His ten-year rule is even now referred to as the golden period of Pakistan since it saw all-round progress in Pakistan, seen as a model country among the developing world. However, all his good work was drowned under the din of negative propaganda by Sheikh Mujib who was involved in Agartala conspiracy to break away from Pakistan. Indian media helped him in becoming a hero of Bengalis. He came out with his notorious six-point program, authored by Indian experts which amounted to secession. From 1968 onwards, he kept spreading hatred against West Pakistanis and inflaming Bengali nationalism. Politicians in West Pakistan instead of countering his vile propaganda and combating his separatist tendencies through political means further spoiled the situation by ganging up with Mujib. In this, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto played the lead role in fanning passions in West Pakistan against the military ruler who had been his mentor and had made him his foreign minister. Spurred by his ambition to capture power, Bhutto opted to resign and establish his own political party in 1967. As a result of nationwide movement spearheaded by students, when the beleaguered military dictator agreed to accept all the demands of the opposition including elections, Bhutto and Mujib failed the All Round Conference. Former wanted his immediate resignation and Mujib wanted implementation of his six-points. Ayub resigned as a heart broken man and handed over power to his C-in-C Gen Yahya Khan in March 1971.


Yahya adopted a policy of appeasement of politicians particularly Mujib and dispensed with One-Unit scheme and one-man-one vote formula. He went a step ahead in redressing the grievances of Bengalis and further increased the annual budget for the eastern wing. Cadet College was opened in East Pakistan and ISSB standards lowered for Bengalis to enable them to get qualified for armed forces. Several East Bengal Regiments comprising 100% Bengalis were raised. He held free and fair general elections in end 1970 on the basis of adult franchise, which enabled Mujib led Awami League in eastern wing and Bhutto led PPP in western wing to emerge victorious. Election results sparked a deadly power struggle between Mujib and Bhutto, former demanding the whole cake and the latter wanting half of it. The fight between the two demagogues became so vicious that Yahya became a helpless onlooker. Not knowing how to break the political impasse, misled by wily Bhutto he foolishly postponed the inaugural session of Constituent Assembly scheduled in Dacca on 3 March 1971. By then, RAW ha fully consolidated its position in the province and was in a position to dictate to Mujib. Sheikh Mujib and his henchmen became India’s lackeys to implement Indian agenda.


Yahya’s fatal decision triggered the storm which resulted in mass killings of non-Bengalis and Biharis at the hands of extremist Bengalis. Both Mujib and Bhutto motivated by their greed for power were guided by India and USA respectively to keep the political situation on the boil and not to show any flexibility whatsoever. When all political avenues for a compromise solution were exhausted and Mujib remained inflexible, a military operation was launched on 25 March in an effort to stop the bloodshed and to save the federation from breaking apart. Though it proved to be the beginning of breakup of united Pakistan, Bhutto hailed it. Within two months the Indian aided insurgency was controlled and order restored, but India under hawkish Indra Gandhi had made up its mind not to let this chance of the century to slip by and continued adding fuel to fire by supporting the civil war. Killing of pro-government Bengalis and non-Bengalis continued unabatedly, while Pak Army was demonized and presented as butchers and rapists.


After exhausting under strength and ill-equipped three infantry divisions for nine-months through insurgency which was wholly planned and monitored by Indian Army and BSF, a massive offensive was launched by Indian forces on 21 November 1971 from three directions. Air and sea traffics had been blocked. Penetrations were made across the border at 23 points. After 3 December when war broke out on the western front, full air power was used to support ground operations. Despite enjoying all the strategic, operational, tactical, technical and diplomatic advantages, it took Indian forces over seven weeks to reach the outskirts of Dacca. It was a one-sided exercise since Indian Army knew each and every defensive locality down to every trench, minefield and the gaps between localities. Indian mechanized columns guided by Mukti Bahinis exploited the gaps and kept moving forward free of the element of fear of unknown.


Wherever the Indians got involved in pitched battles, they got irreversibly stuck. One such front was at Hilli in northwestern Bengal where my battalion 4FF was deployed and I was one of the company commanders with just five-year service. Indian 2nd Mountain Division with its integral tank regiment supported by an armed brigade, Division and Corps Artillery and air support kept banging its heads from 21 November onwards till 11 December but couldn’t gain even an inch. Whatever tactical gains made were promptly recovered by launching counter attacks. On occasions, offensives were launched to gain tactical edge over the adversary. Ultimately 4FF was ordered by the Brigade Commander Brig Tajamal Hussain, Hilal-e-Jurat, to withdraw to Bogra since the enemy forces had abandoned the Hilli-Ghoraghat-Bogra axis and had made a wide outflanking manoeuvre through Pirganj and was racing towards Bogra. One of the company commanders of 4FF Major Muhammad Akram, who was martyred while fighting against extremely adverse odds at Raibagh on 5 December, was awarded Nishan-e-Haider for his outstanding performance. I took over the command of that Company and continued the fight despite being heavily outnumbered and outgunned. I also had the privilege of evacuating dead body of Major Akram lying well ahead of the main defences and shifting it to Bogra for burial.


Hilli was the hottest sector in East Pakistan where the battle raged for 19 days with full ferocity without a pause. 4FF popularly known as ‘Tunpur Bawanja’, and referred to as ‘crack battalion of Pakistan Army by Indian authors, lost its crème of officers, JCOS and men but added a glorious chapter in its proud history and also in Pakistan’s history.


This epic battle has been mentioned by all writers including Indian writers who have written books on 1971 war and have without exception paid rich tributes to 4FF. This battalion was full of fight even on 16 December and thought of surrender had never occurred in anyone’s mind. Like many, it was misled into believing that Eastern Command had ordered ceasefire and war was over. Alas! All the sacrifices of 4FF and so many other valiant units who fought till the end, as well as the lone PAF squadron, small contingent of Navy and Razaqars who remained loyal to the concept of united Pakistan till the very last went in vain. Mukti Bahini instigated by Indian military undertook wide scale slaughter of Biharis and pro-government Bengalis after each town was captured by Indian troops, while the latter took to plundering and raping.


When Pakistan was in the process of being fragmented into two, no country came to its rescue. While China was contained by Soviet Union by deploying its forces along Oxus River, the US 7th Fleet moved at a leisure speed with no intention of reaching the coastline of East Pakistan or exerting military pressure on India. The Muslim world became silent spectators. There is no denying the fact that a global conspiracy had been hatched to sever the eastern limb of Pakistan so as to make it independent or completely acquiescent to India. India who had masterminded the gory plan was aided by Soviet Union, Israel, Britain, USA, Afghanistan, Poland and Yugoslavia. All these countries provided arms to the rebels. Even the UN joined the bandwagon of aggressors to facilitate surrender of Pak military in East Pakistan and establishment of Bangladesh.


No amount of resistance by security forces could have saved the break-up since the endgame was foreordained. The dismemberment could be delayed by few weeks but couldn’t be prevented since the dice had been heavily loaded in favour of India. Therefore, to blame Gen Yahya or Lt Gen Niazi for the debacle will not be altogether true. Yahya came on the centre stage in the final phase of the drama when East Pakistan had been alienated as a result of faulty policies of our rulers since 1948 and excessive interference of India. Even in the final stage, but for deleterious role of politicians, the two wings might have remained united under the scheme of confederation.


After breaking Pakistan into two in December 1971, RAW started meddling into internal affairs of truncated Pakistan. In concert with KGB and KHAD, it started subverting the people in Balochistan and the trio actively supported Baloch insurgency which started in 1973 and ended in 1978. India got aligned with Soviet Union and Afghan regime in 1980 and the intelligence agencies of the three countries together with Al-Zulfiqar carried out intensive acts of sabotage and subversion against Pakistan till the defeat of USSR in 1989. RAW also got involved first in rural Sindh and later in urban Sindh in late 1980s with focus on port city of Karachi. RAW has once again got deeply involved in Balochistan, FATA and Karachi. This time it is helped by USA, Britain, Israel, Germany and Afghanistan. Its nine years sustained efforts have resulted in transforming Baloch insurgency into a separatist movement. The rebellious Baloch Sardars and nationalist leaders initially voiced political and economic grievances and demanded provincial autonomy and greater share in mineral resources of the province.


 
Stunt hearing on Balochistan

Air Commodore (R) Khalid Iqbal


WHILE here in Pakistan American ambassador is on a public relationing campaign by showcasing his love for the restoration of our national heritage, back in Washington select American lawmakers’ meanness was clearly on display during the stunt of committee hearing on Baluchistan. In Rayburn Office Building, members of the House Foreign Affairs’ Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations heard ‘human rights activists and scholars’ present their narrative of human rights abuses in Baluchistan.


Event was chaired by Congressman Dana Rohrabacher, who has recently introduced a bill in the House of Representatives to confer Dr Shakil Afridi with US citizenship. This notorious doctor had crossed all limits of unethical practices in his noble profession by running a fictitious vaccination campaign to help Americans determine the DNA of Osama. As a result of this episode, parents in Baluchistan are hesitant to get their infants vaccinated; that has resulted in phenomenal rise in Polio and other deadly diseases.


In his opening remarks chair spitted the venom that Baluchistan is a turbulent land marred by human rights violations “by regimes that are against US values”. He forgot to make a mention that the present miseries of Baluchistan are a direct result of the policies followed by American darling Pervaiz Musharraf. After his ouster from power, Pakistan’s interior ministry estimated that 1,100 Baluch had disappeared during his rule. So far, the present government has only uncovered the fate of a handful of these people. Musharraf had earned notoriety for handing over number of Pakistan nationals to Americans in a series of proxy arrests and renditions, in exchange for money. Some of these missing ones could very well be in American jails sprinkled all over the world.


Select group of persons were cherry picked to create a narrative to pressurise Pakistan as termination of logistics flow to stranded ISAF/ NATO troops in Afghanistan is about to enter the biting phase because 100 days stocking is running out and the bluff of much touted Northern Distribution Network has been called.


All five lawmakers who attended this unusual hearing of the House Subcommittee overstepped even the legitimate mandate of the committee by showing over enthusiasm towards Baluch right to self-determination. It was certainly a score-settling saga, particularly from the US lawmakers upset with Pakistan over Osama bin Laden’s discovery in Abbottabad and with Islamabad’s decision to close NATO’s supply lines to Afghanistan. “They sheltered the man who master-minded the slaughter of 3,000 Americans. Those who still believe Pakistan is a friend, they need to wake up,” said Rohrabacher. Ralph Peters, a retired US military officer also joined the chorus by urging the US administration to sever its ties with Pakistan and support the Baluch struggle for freedom.


Though this session drew warm applause from Baluch nationalists, it hardy focused on how to resolve this difficult issue. That was indeed not the intention of those who had organised the drama. They wanted to highlight Baluchistan as a potential hot spot, create a sphere of influence in the estranged Baluch Diaspora and to cultivate them for furthering American strategic interests.


It was interesting to hear Dr M Hosseinbor, a Baluch nationalist as a witness at the hearing, he assured the Americans that the Baluchs were natural US allies and would like to share the Gwadar port with the United States, would not allow the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline through their lands and will fight the Taliban as well. He claimed that according to Baluch sources, nearly 4,000 people have disappeared in the province since 2001. He called on the US to support an independent Baluchistan “in case Pakistan or Iran or both collapsed from within”. Rohrabacher outlined the history of Pakistan’s creation, and highlighted Baluchistan’s grievances vis-a-vis natural resources, said that the province’s wealth was being taken by dominant Punjabi elite. Analyst Ralph Peters called Pakistan a supporter of terrorism, and said that Pakistan had made the US complicit too by launching attacks against India such as the Mumbai attack.


There were saner voices too. Christine Fair said in her written statement, that given the ethnic diversity of the province, its complicated history, and the existing geographic constraints, an independent Baluchistan was untenable. She also pointed out that targeted killings were also being carried out by the Baluch dissident entities. Armed Baluch groups are also responsible for targeted killings, ethnic cleansing and systematic destruction of private property. In the past several years, they have increasingly targeted non-Baluch civilians and their businesses, as well as major gas installations and infrastructure. They have also killed teachers, physicians and lawyers and struck police and security forces and military bases throughout the province. Militant religious groups also have carried out targeted killings of those Muslims who belong to sects different from theirs. Christine Fair added that Pakistan’s abuse of human rights have served the US’ interests.


Amnesty International’s Advocacy Director T. Kumar called on the US to “apply the Leahy Amendment without waivers to all Pakistani military units in Baluchistan” to prevent the Pakistani military from using US-made weapons against the Baluch. Hopefully, Kumar would one day dare tell Indian government to repeal draconian laws in Kashmir and ask for a similar application of US law on India.


Ali Dayan Hasan, the Pakistan director for Human Rights Watch, said that Pakistan’s security forces and its intelligence agencies were involved in the enforced disappearance of Baluch nationalists. He asked the US government to “communicate directly to the agencies responsible for disappearances and other abuses including the army, ISI, IB, Frontier Corps, police, to demand an end to abuses and facilitate criminal inquiries to hold perpetrators accountable.” He dubbed the military’s role in the province as brutal, and an occupying one. He clarified that the HRW took no position on the issue of the independence of Baluchistan. He argued that the US and UK had made enforced disappearances possible by allowing them during the war on terror, which has led to the military doing the same.


Pakistan’s foreign office showed a rather muted reaction, “We have conveyed our concern in Islamabad and Washington on the issue of discussion on Baluchistan by the US Senate’s Foreign Relations Committee and expressed our feelings.” The foreign office spokesman, while referring to the statement of the US State Department, said that it explains that the US government has nothing to do with this briefing. “We believe that Washington fully understand our position on this issue,”


Earlier, The US state department had distanced itself from the hearing. Spokesperson Victoria Nuland said that their view on Baluchistan remains unchanged. “Congress holds hearings on many foreign affairs topics. These hearings don’t necessarily imply that the US Government endorses one view or another view. I’d underscore that the State Department is not participating or involved in this hearing today.” She referred to her Twitter comments on Baluchistan, “We emphasise that the United States engages with Pakistan on a whole range of issues, including ways to foster economic development and expand opportunity in Baluchistan.” In a query to whether the US supports a demand for an independent Baluchistan, the spokesperson said, “Our view on this has not changed, and you know where we’ve been on Baluchistan. We encourage all the parties in Baluchistan to work out their differences peacefully and through a valid political process.” The hearing, which lasted over an hour, came to an early and somewhat abrupt end like a stunt. Pakistan’s Senate has expressed its unease over the hearing and has termed it as interference in Pakistan’s internal affairs. It would be appropriate if national security committee of our Senate holds an early hearing about human rights violation of innocent effectees of drone attacks.


 
Incorporate the problems faced by FHH

Ayela Ashfaq


POVERTY as a term and as a phenomenon is defined and measured in different ways and it also has different impact on various groups experiencing the poverty. The most common method in Pakistan to measure poverty is the household survey at the national level. But within households the type and level of poverty varies. The government policies never try to formulate different policies for different groups of poor and types of households All over the world the Female headed household (FHH) is the poorest of poor. The female headed household is characterized as where the male member is absent or not responsible for the provision of income or the economic support. According to many studies in academic literature it has been revealed that the number of poor female headed households in the developing world is increasing both in the rural and urban settings because of the increased divorced and widowed women. The migration of male members of household towards cities because of the process of urbanization is another factor. The practice of polygamy where men leave their former wives, the case of missing persons where male head of the household disappears, the sectarian and political conflicts and natural disasters are also contributing in the increase of FHH in our country.


The women have lesser access to the employment opportunities as compare to men and if there is no access to land resource then the condition of poverty of FHH increases. The increase of FHH in urban areas also leads to the low standard of living conditions in most of the third world countries.


According to a report of UN Habitat State of World’s cities (2008/2009) both poor men and women in developing countries face insecure land tenures but those women who are divorced or widowed are more disadvantaged because of the cultural norms and unequal legal rights and are living in poor conditions in the slum and informal settings of urban areas. This poor living condition and vulnerability towards poverty of female headed households is directly linked with the lack of access of land resources. If the FHH have access to the land and the livelihood opportunities then their living condition can be improved.


A woman as the head of the household has the responsibility of child rearing, taking care of house and earning responsibilities. The women in these circumstances having access to land resource use it for the purposes of livelihood, food and fuel wood. The poverty and food security of FHH can be linked with the land resource. The women have both productive and the reproductive roles and having access to land contributes in the improvement of food security of FHH


The pattern and ownership of land rights are the cause of hunger in our country. The institutional arrangements and the power relation determine that who has control over and access to the resources. Pakistan is a society where the control of resources is in the hands of powerful elite and feudal and being predominately a patriarchal society where men have most of the control over land makes the position of poor women worse and push the women household headship in acute poverty and vulnerability. In the situations of natural disaster the number of Female headed households increases in Pakistan. For example we have cases from flood and earthquake affected areas where poor women are the most vulnerable group. In these circumstances the policies of government doesn’t cater the needs of this group rather the policies or relief programs always come up with the projects that benefit men and ignore the difficulties faced by women. National registration of Pakistani citizens is based on the household unit. Traditionally, the male head of household is registered and provided with a computerized national identity card (CNIC), with accompanying women and children listed on the same document. Divorcees or those otherwise living outside a male-headed household often register as part of their father’s household or that of another male relative, rather than as a separate family unit. At the time of the floods, only eight per cent of the heads of household registered in Pakistan, were women, with almost 29,000 women headed households registered in Sindh. Ninety-two per cent of displaced Pakistani women were registered under the name of the family patriarch or the nearest male relative, whether or not that relative was a close family member. Some 5.7 million CNICs were issued to women in 2010, but the scheme’s coverage remains limited, especially for poor women. This created fundamental problems in the non-discriminatory delivery of aid following the floods as official assistance mechanisms rely on possession of a CNIC. This was intended to prevent false claims for aid, but it also excluded women, leaving them with only limited access to assistance in their own right.


The pattern of Land entitlements always strengthens the position of men in all social strata and situations in our country. The restricted access of land to women because of the cultural, political and economic reasons increase the number of landless women which are more poor and face food insecurity as compare to men .this trend makes the female headship more vulnerable to poverty and food insecurity. The lack of access to land for women also restrict their earning opportunities for example the women can not get loan or credit as land is often require as the collateral. The women in Pakistan are also prevented from inheriting their family land.


The agricultural land being the source of food also influences the food security of the household. Having access to land resource the female headed household can improve the food security. But because of the restricted land rights and control over resources FHH are in most cases small land holders. The small land holding makes the household rely on the subsistence farming as the basic need of the house is to get the food to survive. This makes it obvious that the food security of the household is dependent on the use of land resource. In Pakistan the governments have always focused on starting the development programs where even the agricultural land is used for the commercial activities like construction of housing societies, market places and roads. This kind of development has always ignored the poor female headed households and given work opportunities to men wage labor of working class.


The projects and programs of all the civil and military governments in Pakistan have always ignored the needs of poor in general and women specifically. There is a need that government policies and development projects of Pakistan should incorporate the problems faced by female headed household that can help a larger group of poor in our country. During the situation of disasters the registration of female headed household should be monitored separately in order to cater to needs of women.


 
America & the Big Game

Nosherwan Shahid Sheikh


THE purported killing of Osama Bin Laden has laid down the ground for the larger big game. Gary Berntsen Commander of CIA in Afghanistan debates, that he was sure in 2001 that he would get Osama and would have killed him, and adds that Osama had a tiny force.


Gary Berntsen’s account of Osama allows us to analyse the situation in a global context. He says, had he been allowed 800 rangers that he begged for Osama would have not escaped into Pakistan and there would have been not much reason to go into Iraq, more so he adds it would have been an argument against it.


However, there is a larger context, being bombed from Afghanistan into the mountains of Tora Bora and then into Pakistan entices logic. It took America ten years and more to track down a person, the most wanted person of the world when America boasts of the most powerful intelligence of the world and the most powerful army of the world. Does this even make sense? With stealth bombers in air, tracking down who does what and what not, was Osama such a monster of the CIA that they could not get hold of him?


However, assuming he is dead finally now, it’s imperative to be conscious of what happens next in this big game and with the redrawing of Asia’s Map. The sovereignty of Pakistan’s border has been marginalised to show the world how weak this Nuclear State is, who cannot protect their own borders.


The Balochistan Liberal Army is all set not to listen to the government and continue seeking independence from Pakistan, the submissive Prime Minister Gilani has not been able to convince the Baloch or their leaders that their mandate will be met. They have been marred consistently with poor health and social reforms while this is the province the country sucks the gas out from, do the people of this province don’t have rights over their own resources?


It was the bombing on the people of Afghanistan that made turn rebel against America, and ignoring the people of Balochistan has been the mistake of this government and the previous ones. It is high time we are cognizant of this fact else our Baloch brothers have the right to demand independence, and their power to demand independence will be fuelled by none other than America. The port of Gwadar has fortunately been developed ready to be handed over to America. The emergence of Gwadar as a port guarantees the opening up of markets for every country in central Asia.


It’s the geo strategic location of Afghanistan that it made the Soviet Union come and secure this country, and it’s the geo strategic location again that America did want this and thus the making of Osama came into being.


Now that the borders of Pakistan have been impinged, an army force is in the making in Balochistan, they are coming to get the nuclear assets. It’s high time we stand up, our cheeky governments stand up and we protect our country, our sovereignty because we don’t have the Pakhtun’s to fight resiliently against impending forces. Afghanistan does and has been doing this successfully, it wooed the Soviet and is wooing the American’s. We are a weak nation consisting of Sindhi’s, Punjabi’s, Mohajir’s, Pakhtuns, Hazara and our esteemed Baloch brothers. It is all the more important, after the “US Balochistan Hearing” on Human Rights how a case is being created to act upon. USA who itself does not respect Human Rights of its own people is concerned about Human Rights in Balochistan, how very ironic. Machiavelli centuries ago echoed “One must be a fox in order to recognize traps, and a lion to frighten off wolves”. It’s time for us to wake up, to take charge.


 
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